The Ophrys tenthredinifera is a plant from 10 to 60 cm high with two tubers. Stem erect and slightly flexed. 3 to 8 basal leaves ovate-lanceolate or oblong. Spikes with three to eight flowers have a large lip. The three-lobed lip is dark brown, velvety central lobe, trapezoidal, elongated and curved.
In grasslands, scrublands, bush and forest sites in soils of calcareous sandstone and limestone. It grows at altitudes from 850 to 1100 m