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Japanese Knotweed

Fallopia japonica

Description:

Japanese Knotweed is an upright, shrublike, herbaceous perennial that can grow to over 10 feet in height. Stems of Japanese knotweed are smooth, stout and swollen at joints where the leaf meets the stem. Although leaf size may vary, they are normally about 6 inches long by 3 to 4 inches wide, broadly oval to somewhat triangular and pointed at the tip. The minute greenish-white flowers occur in attractive, branched sprays in summer and are followed soon after by small winged fruits. Seeds are triangular, shiny, and very small, about 1/10 inch long.

Habitat:

Japanese knotweed can tolerate a variety of adverse conditions including full shade, high temperatures, high salinity, and drought. It is found near water sources, such as along streams and rivers, in low-lying areas, waste places, utility rights-of-way, and around old homesites. It can quickly become an invasive pest in natural areas after escaping from cultivated gardens.

Notes:

Japanese knotweed spreads quickly to form dense thickets that exclude native vegetation and greatly alter natural ecosystems. It poses a significant threat to riparian areas, where it can survive severe floods and is able to rapidly colonize scoured shores and islands. Once established, populations are extremely persistent.

1 species ID suggestions

Japanese Knotweed
Fallopia japonica Japanese knotweed

4 Comments

keithp2012
keithp2012 5 years ago

Thank You!

keithp2012
keithp2012 5 years ago

Added a new picture of the flowers.

keithp2012
keithp2012 6 years ago

still need id

keithp2012
keithp2012 6 years ago

Need i.d. cant find the name of it.

New York, USA

Lat: 40.70, Long: -73.35

Spotted on Sep 10, 2010
Submitted on Sep 10, 2010

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