Project Noah

Project Noah is a tool to explore and document wildlife and a platform to harness the power of citizen scientists everywhere.

Join Project Noah Today

Autumn Olive

Elaeagnus umbellata

Description:

Autumn olive is a medium to large deciduous shrub. Its leaves are alternate,oval to lanceolate,untoothed and grow to 1-3 inches in length. The upper surface of the leaves is dark green to grayish-green in color, while the lower surface is covered with silvery white scales. The small, light yellow flowers are borne along twigs after the leaves have appeared early in the growing season. The fruits are small, round,juicy, reddish to pink,dotted with scales and are produced in great quantity.

Habitat:

Autumn olive is found in disturbed areas, along roadsides, in pastures, fields and sparse woodlands. It is often found in poor soils due to its nitrogen-fixing root nodules that allow it to tolerate poor conditions. It can also survive the effects of salt, drought and pHs as low as 4.0. However, it does not grow well in wet habitats or in dense forests.

Notes:

Autumn olive exhibits prolific fruiting, rapid growth, is widely dispersed by birds and can thrive in poor soil. It has the ability to produce up to 80 pounds of fruit in a single season. When the ripe fruit is picked just before the first frost, the flavor is awesome and the fruit quite juicy. If you eat them then, the tartness will pucker your mouth, but sweetness is your reward. The flavor is reminiscent of several fruits from currants and cranberries to peaches.

No species ID suggestions

2 Comments

keithp2012
keithp2012 6 years ago

Autumn Olive

keithp2012
keithp2012 6 years ago

need id

New York, New York, USA

Lat: 40.70, Long: -73.35

Spotted on Sep 29, 2010
Submitted on Sep 29, 2010

Related spottings

Russian Olive Autumn-Olive Oleaster (Ελαίαγνος) Autumn Olive

Nearby spottings

Subterranean Termites Green Foxtail Grass Turkey Vulture Yellow Warbler