Maldives Biodiversity is an important part of the natural environment of the island nation. The varied plants and animal life thriving in the ecosystems of the islands of Maldives make important units of the biodiversity of Maldives. The growth, development and existence of the various plant and animal species depend on certain factors. The climate of the islands of Maldives supports the growth of shrubs and palm trees. The other kinds of plants include grasses, flowering plants, tropical vines, etc. The temperature and humidity of Maldives is a deciding factor for the growth of tropical plants and trees. The soil layer of the larger islands are comparatively more fertile than that of the smaller islands. The porous nature of the soil is the chief reason of their inability to hold moisture. The less amount of water retained in the soil makes it less suitable to support the growth of plants. The indigenous animal life of the islands consists of small rodents, bats and reptiles forming another significant part of Maldives biodiversity. The insects and crabs also feature in the list of organic life forms on the islands. The marine life in the surrounding waters are part of the biodiversity as well. The biodiversity of Maldives is facing a serious threat because of the increasing population, a root cause of other problems like destruction of the natural habitat, the overuse of natural resources, etc. The government has formulated new policies to save Maldives biodiversity from being destructed.
Lat: 3.20 Long: 73.22