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Commander Butterfly (pupa)

Moduza procris,


Cryptic colouration like a dry leaf.


Abandoned house that is now becoming covered by weeds and even trees...In June 2018 I saw one caterpillar munching away on a leaf and it was ID-ed as a Commander butterfly caterpillar! Since then, I always glance at the leaves when I pass the house. Yesterday I saw a caterpillar...dark...almost black...shriveled and dry...hanging head down from a leaf.I thought a spider had sucked it dry with the exoskeleton left behind as a sad reminder. Then I thought maybe it had moulted and this was the exoskeleton left behind and with that consoling thought I walked past...imagine my delight (and regret at not having taken a photo) when I realized that it had been the pre-pupa stage caterpillar and today, the pupa was FULLY formed. I understand that it will take a week now for the adult to emerge. Hoping desperately I will be around to see it emerge.


Adult: Caterpillar:

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Spotted by

Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Spotted on Sep 24, 2018
Submitted on Sep 24, 2018

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