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Length 22", Wingspan 4'2". Head back and wings dark brown; upper chest white; tail pale orange below, dark rufous above. Seen from below, underwing mainly white, with dark leading edge under shoulder and black crescent beyond wrist. Immature, duller, more streaked; tail not rusty. Perches in trees.
Woodland edges, isolated trees in fields
Often mobbed by crows, redwings, gackles, kingbirds. Voice is down slurred squeal: kee-rrrr.