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The Himalayan goral is 95 to 130 cm (37 to 51 in) in length and weighs 35–42 kg (77–93 lb). It has a gray or gray-brown coat with tan legs, lighter patches on its throat, and a single dark stripe along its spine. Males have short manes on their necks. Both males and females have backward-curving horns which can grow up to 18 cm (7.1 in) in length. In addition to certain peculiarities in the form of the skull, gorals are chiefly distinguished from the closely related serows in that they do not possess a gland below the eye, nor a corresponding depression in the skull.
Himalayan gorals are found in the forests of the Himalayas including Bhutan, southern Tibet, northern India including Sikkim, Nepal, and northern Pakistan, and possibly western Myanmar. They inhabit most of the southern slopes of the Himalayas from Jammu and Kashmir to eastern Arunachal Pradesh. In India and Nepal they are present at elevations from 900 to 2,750 m (3,000 to 9,020 ft). In Pakistan they have been recorded from 1,000 to 4,000 m (3,300 to 13,000 ft) altitude but their present occurrence in Punjab is doubtful