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New Zealands smallest bird (7-9 cm). Males have bright green upper parts, pale breast and vent, and white supercilium. Females slightly larger than males and quite drab coloured. Juvs similar to female but with streaked forehead and upper breast (see last image). Both have very short tail, pale yellow wing bar, largish feet with orange/yellow soles and a needle like upturned bill. Often seen in pairs or family groups.
Range has reduced markedly since human colonization of NZ but still found in forest in the central North Island and in southern beech forest through most of the South Island. These images taken in Aurther's Pass in dense beech forest in the centre of the South Island. Nominate sub species chloris (North Island sub sp is granti)
This tiny New Zealand Wren is an endemic species here. The name Rifleman was thought to have come about from the colour of the males green plumage which was similar to the colour of the uniform of the New Zealand Mounted Rifle Regiment from WWI.