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Camellia sasanqua (the Christmas or Yuletide camellia) is an evergreen shrub growing to 5 m tall. The leaves are broad elliptic, 3–7 cm long and 1.2–3 cm broad, with a finely serrated margin. The flowers are 5–7 cm diameter, with 5-8 white to dark pink petals.
Christmas Camellia is native to coastal forests of southern Japan in Shikoku, and many other minor islands as far south as Okinawa. It is usually found growing up to an altitude of 900 meters. It was not known in western societies until 1869 when Dutch traders imported some specimens into Europe. It is now also introduced to Australia and the United States.