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American Purple Gallinule

Porphyrio martinicus


The purple gallinule is a swamphen since it has the genus Porphyrio. They are in the order Gruiformes, which means "crane-like", and within the order there are cranes, rails, and crakes. The purple gallinule is a rail species which places them into the family, Rallidae. This gallinule is a striking bird, big, brightly colored, and noisy. With its strong legs and long toes, it runs about on open shorelines, walks on floating lily pads, and clambers through marshes and waterside trees, flicking its short tail nervously. Nods its head as it swims; flies short distances with legs dangling conspicuously. Found mainly in the southeast and the tropics, but single birds sometimes stray far to the north at any season.


Orlando Wetlands Park

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James McNair
Spotted by
James McNair

Florida, USA

Lat: 28.58, Long: -81.00

Spotted on Jan 5, 2019
Submitted on Jan 6, 2019

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