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Flindersia collina is an Australian rainforest tree in the citrus family Rutaceae. Also known as "leopard wood" and "broad-leaved leopard tree", it occurs in dry rainforest, often on hillsides, and the species name collina actually means "hill dweller". It can grow to a tall tree of up to 40 metres in height, and a trunk diameter of 60 cm, although some sources say maximum height is only 15-25 metres. There are also numerous oil dots on the bark (need a decent macro lens), and I've read that the seeds are also rich in oil. Being a member of the citrus family, I'm wondering if the oil has a citrus scent? Perhaps the bark, flowers and leaves are scented as well? The mottled bark of this species is amazing, and this spotting really stood out for me as I was walking along the track. Amongst the shadows and dense foliage, it was almost glowing in the late-afternoon light.
Native range is from the upper Richmond River in northern New South Wales to Cape Melville in tropical far north Queensland. Being a hill dweller and liking dry rainforest, Sydney provides an ideal habitat. This spotting was in the Cumberland State Forest, in Sydney's northwest. https://www.forestrycorporation.com.au/v...
Leopard ash produces a "woody starfish" capsule that's typical of the various Flindersia species, only it's smaller and more delicate-looking than that of its well-known cousin, "crow’s ash" - Flindersia australis: http://toowoombaplants2008.blogspot.com/... Here's my spotting of crow's ash for comparison: https://www.projectnoah.org/spottings/21... Crow's ash is the only other species of the Flindersia that I have seen, but Flindersia is a genus of 17 species of trees in the family Rutaceae. They grow naturally in the Moluccas, New Guinea, Australia (New South Wales and Queensland) and New Caledonia.
Spotted on Mar 27, 2019
Submitted on Apr 19, 2019