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The yellow-throated sparrow or chestnut-shouldered petronia (Gymnoris xanthocollis) is a species of sparrow found in southern Asia. Males have a chestnut shoulder patch which can sometimes be hard to see. They also have a pale yellow spot on the throat in fresh plumage. Females are duller and lack the chestnut shoulder patch
It feeds on plant matter, mainly seeds, including those of cultivated cereals, as well as small berries and nectar.
In the 2nd spotting, the mother feeding rice after removing the husk to its fledgling