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Family: Nymphalidae Subfamily: Heliconiinae Identification: Upperside of both wings with basal half unpatterned orange, and little or no contrast between basal and outer parts. Hindwing margins not angled; underside orange-brown with darker pattern. Wing Span: 2 9/16 - 2 15/16 inches (6.5 - 7.5 cm). Life History: Adults fly swiftly and erratically above low vegetation, while the sun is shining. Eggs are laid singly on host plants. Flight: September-October in central Texas, all year in South Texas and tropics. Caterpillar Hosts: Passion-vines (Passiflora), morning glories (Convolvulaceae), and Turnera. Adult Food: Nectar from flowers of Lantana, Stachytarpheta, and Turnera; occasionally dung. Habitat: Openings, edges, fields, and weedy areas in tropical and subtropical lowlands and foothills. Range: Resident in Central America, Mexico, and the West Indies. Strays to southern California, central Arizona, and central Texas. Conservation: Not required for stray.