Contact | Blog | Project Noah Facebook | Project Noah Twitter

A global citizen science platform
to discover, share and identify wildlife

Join Project Noah!

Crinoid Fossil



There are many fossil examples on this rock. The two featured here the circles) are most likely a part of a crinoid. Crinoids are marine animals that make up the class Crinoidea of the echinoderms (phylum Echinodermata). Crinoidea comes from the Greek word krinon, "a lily", and eidos, "form". They live both in shallow water and in depths as great as 6,000 meters.[citation needed] Sea lilies refer to the crinoids which, in their adult form, are attached to the sea bottom by a stalk. Feather stars or comatulids refer to the unstalked forms. Crinoids are characterized by a mouth on the top surface that is surrounded by feeding arms. They have a U-shaped gut, and their anus is located next to the mouth. Although the basic echinoderm pattern of fivefold symmetry can be recognized, most crinoids have many more than five arms. Crinoids usually have a stem used to attach themselves to a substrate, but many live attached only as juveniles and become free-swimming as adults. There are only about 600 extant crinoid species,[6] but they were much more abundant and diverse in the past. Some thick limestone beds dating to the mid- to late-Paleozoic are almost entirely made up of disarticulated crinoid fragments. There is also an example of a brachiopod (see spotting This rock measures ~39 mm (1.5 in) long, ~39mm (1.5 in) wide and ~15 mm (.6 in) thick. The fossil examples measure ~2 mm (.07 in) to 4 mm (.15 in) wide. The rock is most likely limestone.


Rocky bottom of man-made lake. Pymatuning Lake. Andover, Ohio, USA


The extreme close up pictures were taken with a Digital Blue QX5 USB microscope at 10x power.

Species ID Suggestions

Sign in to suggest organism ID


Spotted by

Ohio, USA

Lat: 41.61, Long: -80.54

Spotted on Jul 5, 2012
Submitted on Jan 14, 2013

Related Spottings

Crinoid Crinoid Feather Star Feather Star

Nearby Spottings

Brachiopod Fossils Brachiopod Fossil Brachiopod Fossil Brachiopod Fossil