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Red Buckeye

Aesculus pavia


The Red Buckeye is a large shrub or small tree. It reaches a height of 5–8 m, often growing in a multi-stemmed form. Its leaves are opposite, and are usually composed of five elliptical serrated leaflets, each 10–15 cm long. It bears 10–17 cm long clusters of attractive dark red tubular flowers in March, April and May.


This one was growing in a moist area near a large swamp at the Phinizy Swamp Nature Park near Augusta (Richmond County), GA.


The flowers are attractive to hummingbirds as well as bees. The fruits are rich in saponins, which are poisonous to humans, though not particularly dangerous because they are not easily ingested. The oils can be extracted to make soap, though this is not commercially viable.

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Spotted by

Augusta, Georgia, USA

Spotted on Mar 20, 2011
Submitted on Jan 21, 2013

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