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Papilio demodocus demodocus
Wingspan: Male 100-120 mm, Female 110-130 mm. Sexes very similar. Pale crescent, distal to hind wing costalupper side eye spot, yellow on male, suffused with red on female.
Common and widespread throughout South Africa, particularly in wooded areas and gardens; absent from extremely arid areas. Forest edges, parks and gardens, hill tops, Flatland.
Larval food: Cultivated Citrus spp. Also Calodendron capense, Clausena anisata, Zanthoxylum capnse, Vepris lanceolata, Teclea natalensis, Oricia swynnertonii, Toddalia asiatica, Ptaeroxylon obliquum, Hippobromus pauciflorus. In Fynbos and Karoo - Foeniculum vulgare, Peucedanum galbanum, P. gummiferum, Deverra burchelliae Flight period: Continuous broods year-round, mainly in Sept-May