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The snow bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis), sometimes colloquially called a snowflake, is a passerinebird in the Calcariidae family . It is an Arctic specialist, with a circumpolarArctic breeding range throughout the northern hemisphere. There are small isolated populations on a few high mountain tops south of the Arctic region, including the Cairngorms in central Scotland and the Saint Elias Mountains on the southern Alaska-Yukon border, and also Cape Breton Highlands. The snow bunting is the most northerly recorded passerine in the world.