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American Black Bear

Ursus americanus


Most Black Bears hibernate for up to seven months, and do not eat, drink, urinate, or exercise the entire time. In the South, where plant food is available all year, not all bears hibernate—but pregnant females do. The female gives birth to 1-6 cubs (usually 2 or 3) in January, while she is deep asleep in her den. The newborn cubs snuggle next to her for warmth and nurse while she fasts. They grow from a birth weight of 200-450 g each (about 7-16 pounds) to the 2-5 kg they will weigh when the family leaves the den in the spring. Black Bears eat a little meat, and some insects, but they rely on fruit, nuts, and vegetation for the bulk of their nutritional needs. They are not all black. Most are, with brown muzzles, but in some western forests they are brown, cinnamon, or blond, and a few, in southern Alaska and British Columbia, are creamy white or bluish-gray.


The black bear is found in a variety of habitats that include tree-covered areas and meadows. It requires areas with lots of vegetation for cover and shrubs and other plants for food. It can be found in mountain areas, swamps and forests. The black bear has a home range of about ten square miles. The home range of the male is usually larger than the home range of the female.


The black bear was found beside a highway near my home.

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Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Lat: 45.91, Long: -66.68

Spotted on May 30, 2013
Submitted on May 30, 2013

Spotted for mission


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Ursus thibetanus Polar bear Brown bear Black bear

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