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Asian elephant

Elephas maximus

Description:

In general, the Asian elephant is smaller than the African elephant and has the highest body point on the head. The back is convex or level. The ears are small with dorsal borders folded laterally. The feet have more nail-like structures than those of African elephants — five on each forefoot, and four on each hind foot.

Habitat:

Asian elephants inhabit grasslands, tropical evergreen forests, semi-evergreen forests, moist deciduous forests, dry deciduous forests and dry thorn forests, in addition to cultivated and secondary forests and scrublands. Over this range of habitat types elephants are seen from sea level to over 3,000 m (9,800 ft). In the Eastern Himalaya in northeast India, they regularly move up above 3,000 m (9,800 ft) in summer at a few sites.

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Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Spotted on Jun 2, 2013
Submitted on Jun 26, 2013

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