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It is a rare hoverfly. The males of this species fly extremely rapidly, zig-zagging round and through shrubby vegetation and hover at up to 3 m. It settles on bare ground and on branches of dead shrubs. Flight period of P. setosus is from March to May. Flowers of Viburnum tinus are visited by adults.
P. setosus appears in Portugal, Spain, Mediterranean zone of France, Corsica, Sicily and North of Africa. Adults' referred environment: forest; open areas in evergreen oak forest of Quercus ilex; Q. ilex maquis. Spotted in open forest with pine trees and Holm oaks.
Camera Model: NIKON D300. Exposure Time: 1/250 sec.; f/8; ISO Speed Rating: 400. Exposure Bias: 0 EV. Focal Length: 300.0 mm.