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Early purple orchid

Orchis mascula

Description:

Very polymorph orchid in the genus Orchis, although also classified as Androrchis mascula. Orchis mascula is a herbaceous plant with stems up to 50–60 centimetres of height, green at the base and purple on the apex. The root system consists of two tubers, rounded or ellipsoid. The leaves, grouped at the base of the stem, are oblong-lanceolate, pale green, sometimes with brownish-purple speckles. The inflorescence is 7.5–12.5 centimetres long and it is composed of 6 to 20 flowers gathered in dense cylindrical spikes. The flower size is about 2.5 centimetres and the color varies from pink to violet. The lateral sepals are ovate-lanceolate and erect, the median one, together with the petals, is smaller and cover the gynostegium. The labellum is three-lobed and convex, with crenulated margins and the basal part clearer and dotted with purple-brown spots. The spur is cylindrical or clavate, horizontal or ascending. The gynostegium is short, with reddish-green anthers. It blooms from April to June.

Habitat:

It grows in a variety of habitats, from meadows to mountain pastures and woods, in full sun or shady areas, from 0–2,500 metres above sea level.

Notes:

Camera Model: NIKON D300. Exposure Time: 1/60 sec.; f/32; ISO Speed Rating: 200. Exposure Bias: 0 EV. Focal Length: 90.0 mm.

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Madrid, Comunidad de Madrid, Spain

Lat: 40.54, Long: -3.68

Spotted on Apr 23, 2014
Submitted on May 8, 2014

Related spottings

Orchis italica X Orchis anthropophorum Orchis coriophora Orchis champagneuxii Four-spotted Orchis

Nearby spottings

Doronicum sp. Common Chaffinch, Pinzón vulgar Common hawthorn; Espino albar Common Chaffinch; Pinzón vulgar