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Family Gentianaceae Plant of small size, reaching on average 20–40 centimetres in height. It has erect stems, the leaves are large, ovate-lanceolate, about 3–8 centimetres long. The flowers are violet-blue trumpets with 4 petals, clustered in the axils of upper leaves. The flowering period extends from June to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite and pollinated by insects (entomogamy). The fruit is a capsule. The seeds are dispersed by gravity alone (barochory).
Cross Gentian root is considered to be anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, bitter tonic, cholagogue, emmenagogue, febrifuge, and stomachic. It is generally used in cases of exhaustion from chronic diseases and can be very helpful in cases of weaknesses of the digestive system and lack of appetite. It also stimulates the liver and gall bladder. Cross Gentian root has also shown to be very beneficial in treatment of liver disorders, indigestion, gastric infections and anorexia.