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This is a subtropical marine fish, classified in family Serranidae, the groupers and sea basses. It is reported to be a simultaneous hermaphrodite fishes, which means they tends to spawn from early spring to early summer. Size: max length : 36.0 cm (male/unsexed); common length : 25.0 cm (male/unsexed); max. reported age: 16 years. On the back and sides the coloration is bluish-yellow to reddish-brown with 5 - 7 dark brown vertical bands. On the head there are many irregularly twisted bluish stripes and spots on brown-red background. Belly is purple or light blue color.
It is found in the eastern Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Black Sea. They are found on rocky bottom and on Posidonia beds. Feed on fishes and crustaceans. Also found in muddy and algal or seagrass overgrown substrates. Depth range 5 - 150 m
Confusingly, a synonym of this species is Perca marina, but that name (as Sebastes marinus) has incorrectly been used for a separate species, the rose fish. More about it: http://www.fishbase.org/summary/1761 and http://www.zastitamora.org/vrste/ribe/se...