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Black Wild Flower

Lisianthius nigrescens var. chiapensis

Description:

While out exploring a canyon under the San Cristobal Bridge, we found a black wild flower, something I never thought existed. Black is very rare for a flower. I've heard of a black orchid and I know of a black rose and an almost black Chrysanthemum that were bred artificially. From a distance (last 2 pictures), this was a low growing bush with long slender leaves and had what looked like dry black seed pods hanging from the branches. These "pods" turned out to be completely black flowers, some open with green pistils and stamen and others still closed in long tubes.

Habitat:

Forest and secondary growth under the San Cristobal Bridge on the Highway between San Cristobal de Las Casas and Tuxtla Gutierrez, km 15, 1,500 meters.

Notes:

This has turned out to be a very rare flower and the blackest flower known in the plant kingdom. It occurs sparsely from Southern Mexico through Central America. Family Gentianaceae. It is called the Flower of Death or Flor de Muerte. I think it is very exciting to have actually seen it. "The Blackest Flower in the World. A low growing perennial with lanceolate leaves and drooping bell-shaped flowers that are completely black in color. Being the rarest of flower colors, black has always held a special fascination. A little-known Mexican species with the blackest flowers ever seen." http://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/Lisi.... Did you know you can buy just 20 seeds for 30 pounds in England? http://www.nickys-nursery.co.uk/garden-s.... See this neat paper on the chemistry of what makes this flower black with high levels of anthocyanins and flavones (and their co- pigmentation) which is thought to account for the almost complete absorption of both UV and visible wavebands observed by reflectance photography. http://www.znaturforsch.com/ac/v59c/s59c.... According to the authors "The flowers of L. nigrescens were scentless during the day and appear black to human beings. The floral form is reminiscent of flowers pollinated by hummingbirds, moths, or long-tongued bees, and as such was thought possibly to be reflective in ultraviolet. However, spectral reflectance photography revealed that the flower was non-reflective in the ultraviolet part of the spectrum. The analyses of the floral pigments were in accord with the almost complete absorbance of all wavebands of both UV and visible light. Field observations resulted in the capture of a suite of visiting insects, all bees. These included Partamona bilineata Say and Pleibeia frontalis Friese of the tribe Meliponini, both stingless social bees. Also identified were three separate species of Lasioglossum, subgenus Dialictus (tribe Halictini), one of which is an unknown species. These were the only recorded visitors during field observations at three populations. The tubular floral structure and pendant presentation is consistent with flowers pollinated by hummingbirds or hovering moths but no records exist of either pollinator being attracted by black flowers. How a truly black flower of the L. nigrescens type might attract pollinators remains to be discovered, but it is certainly a peculiar natural anomaly awaiting explanation."

1 Species ID Suggestions

La Flor de Muerto
Lisianthius nigrescens


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24 Comments

LaurenZarate
LaurenZarate 4 years ago

Thank you Joshua :) truly a marvel.

JoshuaGSmith
JoshuaGSmith 4 years ago

Great find!!!

LaurenZarate
LaurenZarate 6 years ago

Thank you ceejayalyssa, I never thought it possible either!

ceejayalyssa
ceejayalyssa 6 years ago

thank you Lauren for sharing this rare and pretty flower. i never thought this existed!

LaurenZarate
LaurenZarate 6 years ago

Thank you ceherzog and mauna :)

mauna Kunzah
mauna Kunzah 6 years ago

Lauren, these black flowers are beautiful!

ceherzog
ceherzog 6 years ago

Fantastic find! Congrats.

LaurenZarate
LaurenZarate 6 years ago

Thank you Leuba, Despina, Mark and Adarsha. :) Thank you Marta, I will try to put it on FB (the Noah Facebook page? Am I allowed to do that?)

Adarsha B S
Adarsha B S 6 years ago

Omg! i never thought one can research this much about a flower :)
Wonderful presentation with excellent photographs :) Very informative :)

Mark Ridgway
Mark Ridgway 6 years ago

Impressive! It's really black black.

Such an amazing flower!!! Congrats @Lauren!!!

Leuba Ridgway
Leuba Ridgway 6 years ago

What a wonderful spotting ! Thanks for sharing this and information, Lauren.

The MnMs
The MnMs 6 years ago

This is such an unusual spotting, Lauren! I think a part from black tulips it is the first time I see a black flower in the wild like this. I think you should also share the spotting in FB so that more people can notice. Is very unique! Thanks for sharing!

LaurenZarate
LaurenZarate 6 years ago

Thank you Yuko :)

Wonderful find and flower! Congratulations, Lauren :)

YukoChartraw
YukoChartraw 6 years ago

I see that you already did. :-)

YukoChartraw
YukoChartraw 6 years ago

Exotic beauty! I hope you will find out what this flower is.

chesterbperry
chesterbperry 6 years ago

You are very welcome Lauren, and thank you for bringing this unique beauty to our attention :)

LaurenZarate
LaurenZarate 6 years ago

Thank you chesterbperry (again), Mona, Suzanne and Gilma. :)

Fascinating Flower, I will be reading about it also, thank you for sharing, LaurenZarate.

LaurenZarate
LaurenZarate 6 years ago

Thank you so much chesterbpery! I was thrilled with the identification and have been reading everything I can find on this flower. It is really fascinating. It was (is) supposedly used in native indian medicine, but I haven't found for what yet. Chiapas is full of brujos and curanderos who still practice native medicine and maybe I can find one to ask him.

suzmonk
suzmonk 6 years ago

Can't wait to hear what it is ...

Mona Pirih
Mona Pirih 6 years ago

Beautiful..

chesterbperry
chesterbperry 6 years ago

Lovely find Lauren

LaurenZarate
Spotted by
LaurenZarate

Chiapas, Mexico

Lat: 16.69, Long: -92.82

Spotted on Aug 14, 2013
Submitted on Aug 26, 2013

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