Guardian Nature School Team Contact Blog Project Noah Facebook Project Noah Twitter

A global community of nature enthusiasts
photographing and learning about wildlife

Join Project Noah!
nature school apple icon

Project Noah Nature School visit nature school

The Commander

Moduza procris

Description:

The Commander has a wingspan of about 6 to 7.5 cm (2.4 to 3.0 in). The upperside of its wings are a bright reddish brown. Towards the centre of the wing are broad white spots. In flight, one can see a bright red brown butterfly with a white band forming a 'V shape'. There are also a few white spots scattered on the wings. Its hindwings have crenulated margins. The undersides of the wings are a whitish gray toward the base and have a row of dull reddish brown and a row of black spots along the margins. The male and female are similar in appearance.

Habitat:

The Commander is generally found in forested regions having moderate to heavy rainfall. It usually keeps to low elevations, that is, up to 900 metres (3,000 ft) into the hills. It is fond of open glades, roadsides and clearings in forests. It is abundant along water courses in dry and moist deciduous forests. It is also found close to villages or wherever its larval host-plant Mussaenda frondosa is found. It is most common in the post-monsoon months and winter. The Commander can often be spotted basking with its wings pressed flat on exposed stones in streambeds. Individuals settle down on an exposed perch high up in the trees during the heat of the day. At this time it can be seen defending its territory and driving intruding butterflies away. This butterfly has a swift flight with rapid wingbeats and alternate spurts of smooth gliding. A powerful flier, it nevertheless flies for short distances at a time. Being wary, it maintains its distance and is best caught when engrossed in mud-puddling or feeding from flowers. It regularly visits flowers from low-lying herbs to high up in the trees. Though this is a mud-puddling species, in Borneo and probably elsewhere, adults do not visit carrion or old fruit to drink liquids.

Species ID Suggestions



Sign in to suggest organism ID

4 Comments

dotun55
dotun55 8 years ago

Fine butterfly! Reminds me of Little Commander (Junonia sophia)

Nayeli
Nayeli 8 years ago

Beautiful colors!

MariaPomsaharova
MariaPomsaharova 8 years ago

the first shot is so beautiful!

jheitor
jheitor 8 years ago

nice

Capiz, Philippines

Spotted on Jul 17, 2013
Submitted on Sep 1, 2013

Noah Guardians
Noah Sponsors
join Project Noah Team

Join the Project Noah Team