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Yellowroot

Xanthorhiza simplicissima

Description:

A mat-like, spreading shrub with erect, leggy stems to 3 ft. The bark and long roots are deep-yellow and bitter. Attractive foliage is once- or twice-pinnate, glossy and green, turning yellow to reddish-purple in fall. Many tan-colored leaves persist into winter. The small, star-shaped, purplish-brown flowers are in crowded, terminal clusters. Fruit is a dry, yellowish follicle. The genus name as well as the common name refer to the plant's yellow roots (xantho- meaning "yellow" and rhiza meaning "root"), which was used to produce a yellow dye by Native Americans. The species name refers to the simple (not branched) root.

Habitat:

USA: AL , CT , FL , GA , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MS , NC , NY , OH , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV Native Distribution: PA & c. WV, s. to FL & LA; naturalized elsewhere Native Habitat: Damp woods; wet depressions; stream banks

Notes:

Spotted at Anna Ruby Falls in Helen, GA

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QWMom
Spotted by
QWMom

Georgia, USA

Spotted on Apr 3, 2014
Submitted on Jun 26, 2014

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