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Growing to only about 1.75 inches, oak toads are the smallest toads in North America. They can be identified by their light mid-dorsal stripe, variable brown and black spots, and proportionally large parotoid glands. Oak toads, unlike most toad species, are usually active during the day. They can be found in southern pine forests by turning over logs and other woodland debris. Breeding takes place in shallow pools that result from heavy rains. Unlike other toads of the region, which have round vocal sacs, calling males have an elongate vocal sac that extends dramatically in producing his chirp-like call.