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Blue Button

Porpita porpita

Description:

The blue button is a marine organism consisting of a colony of hydroids. Although it is superficially similar to a jellyfish, each apparent individual is actually a colony of hydrozoan polyps. It is a Chondrophore, which is a group of cnidarians that also includes Velella and Porpema. The chondrophores are similar to the better-known siphonophores, which includes the Portuguese Man o' War, or Physalia physalis. The blue button lives on the surface of the sea and consists of two main parts: the float and the hydroid colony. The hard golden brown float is round, almost flat, and about one inch wide. The hydroid colony, which can range from bright blue turquoise to yellow, resembles tentacles like those of the jellyfish. Each strand has numerous branchlets, each of which ends in knobs of stinging cells called nematocysts. The blue button sting is not powerful but may cause irritation to human skin. The blue button itself is a passive drifter, and is part of the neustonic food web. It is preyed on by the sea slug Glaucus atlanticus (sea swallow or blue glaucus) and violet sea-snails of the genus Janthina. It competes with other drifters for food and mainly feeds on copepods and crustacean larvae. The blue button has a single mouth located beneath the float, which is used for both the intake of prey and the expulsion of wastes.

Habitat:

Lac Bay, Bonaire.

Notes:

The ones we found were dead in the sand next to the sea surf. The one in the pictures has its hydroids entangled in sand particles.

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2 Comments

SarahWhitt
SarahWhitt a year ago

Such a beautiful find!! Looks like a piece of jewelry!!

DrNamgyalT.Sherpa
DrNamgyalT.Sherpa a year ago

Wow what an intricate beauty!

The MnMs
Spotted by
The MnMs

Bonaire, Caribisch Nederland, Netherlands

Lat: 12.09, Long: -68.24

Spotted on Sep 16, 2017
Submitted on Apr 29, 2018

Spotted for Mission

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