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Rainforest Scorpion

Liocheles Waigiensis

Description:

Liocheles waigiensis has very elongated, flattened bodies and powerful pedipalps. The body shape is adapted to living in rock crevices and beneath bark on fallen, rotting logs. Males are identified by claw features: a "tooth" on the moveable finger and a corresponding notch on the fixed finger just up from the finger joint (See picture by Peter Wright (C) HERE). Metasomas on both male and female are very thin with a characteristic yellow/orange vesicle although this colouration is viable for other Liocheles species. Species may reach 65 + mm (carapace to sting) with the male mesasoma slightly shorter and quite narrower than the females. This species is commonly kept in captivity in Australia, as it is large and non-burrowing like many Australian species. It is also very active at night. It is relatively easy to keep as long as temperatures and humidity are maintained (temperatures 20 to 30oC - humidity should be kept at over 90% for moulting and survival of 1st instars). Correct substrate and provision of rock crevices will also increase the life span. Captive birth is quite common but it would appear that in these cases, most females are gravid when caught. Males are rarer than females so most kept are females. Average litter size would appear to be approx. 20 to 25. Survival rate appears to be highly variable. Most people report minimal if any cannibalism. A number of people have reported young staying close to, and inter-reacting with the mother for up to two months. However correct humidity (high) and temperatures (20oC to 30oC) are also of upmost importance. Failure to keep the humidity high and temperatures correct will result in incomplete molting to 2nd instar. Moult to 2nd Instar is approx 28 days. Current research in France may separate L. waigiensis into six or more species. I have myself seen a "dwarf" species (for want of a better name) with all the characteristic of a L. waigiensis except for size. Females of this "dwarf" have been seen to give birth therefore are not instars of the larger L. waigiensis. Liocheles waigiensis (male) photo by Peter Wright(C) This species file is written by Peter Wright (Australia). Updated 04.09.01

Habitat:

Habitat appears to be variable as long as typical rainfall is above 550mm and temperatures above 15 C. Some recent information seems to suggest that they are more prevalent in higher rainfall areas (1000mm). Most common habitats are rock crevices, between rocks and the soil in shallow scrapes or rock crevices covered in rotting leaf matter but they may also be found beneath bark on fallen rotting logs and under rotting, solidifying leaf matter - usually on rock surfaces. Their flattened body shape is ideal for these locations

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2 Comments

Tunjung Seto
Tunjung Seto 3 years ago

Thanks all

Ingrid3
Ingrid3 3 years ago

What a beauty!

Tunjung Seto
Spotted by
Tunjung Seto

Jawa Tengah, Indonesia

Spotted on Nov 5, 2016
Submitted on Nov 5, 2016

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