Guardian Nature School Team Contact Blog Project Noah Facebook Project Noah Twitter

A global community of nature enthusiasts
photographing and learning about wildlife

Join Project Noah!
nature school apple icon

Project Noah Nature School visit nature school

Torch Ginger

Etlingera elatior

Description:

Etlingera elatior (also known as Torch Ginger, Ginger Flower, Red Ginger Lily, Torch Lily, Wild Ginger, Combrang, Bunga Siantan, Philippine Wax Flower, Xiang Bao Jiaing, Indonesian Tall Ginger, Boca de Dragón, Rose de Porcelaine, Porcelain Rose) is a species of herbaceous perennial plant[citation needed]. Botanical synonyms include Nicolaia elatior,[1] Phaeomeria magnifica,[1] Nicolaia speciosa, Phaeomeria speciosa, Alpinia elatior, Alpinia magnifica. The showy pink flowers are used in decorative arrangements while the flower buds are an important ingredient in the Nonya dish laksa. In North Sumatra, the flower buds are used for a dish called arsik ikan mas (Andaliman/Szechuan pepper Spiced Carp) It is known in Indonesian as bunga kecombrang or honje, Malay as bunga kantan and Thai as ดาหลา daalaa. In Karo, it is known as asam cekala (asam meaning 'sour'), and the flower buds, but more importantly the ripe seed pods, which are packed with small black seeds, are an essential ingredient of the Karo version of sayur asam, and are particularly suited to cooking fresh fish. From the leaves of E. elatior, three caffeoylquinic acids including chlorogenic acid (CGA), and three flavonoids quercitrin, isoquecitrin and catechin have been isolated.[2] Content of CGA was significantly higher than flowers of Lonicera japonica (Japanese Honeysuckle), the commercial source.[3] A protocol for producing a standardized herbal extract of CGA from leaves of E. elatior (40%) has been developed, compared to commercial CGA extracts from honeysuckle flowers (25%).[2] Leaves of E. elatior have the highest antioxidant, antibacterial and tyrosinase inhibition activities among five Etlingera species studied.[4] Antioxidant properties (AOP) of leaves were significantly stronger than flowers and rhizomes. Leaves of highland populations had higher AOP values than lowland counterparts. Thermal drying of leaves led to drastic declines in AOP while freeze-dried leaves showed significant higher AOP values.[2] Ethanolic extracts of inflorescences have antimicrobial activity and are cytotoxic to HeLa cells.[5] Antioxidant activity of diarylheptanoids isolated from rhizomes is greater than α-tocopherol.[6] E. elatior has an antioxidant effect against lead-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.[7]

Notes:

Diamond Falls Botanical Gardens in Soufrière, St. Lucia

1 Species ID Suggestions

ShaumingLo
ShaumingLo 10 years ago
Torch Ginger
Etlingera Elatior


Sign in to suggest organism ID

No Comments

July Llanes
Spotted by
July Llanes

Saint Lucia

Spotted on Apr 8, 2009
Submitted on Dec 6, 2011

Spotted for Mission

Related Spottings

Torch Ginger Ginger torch Torch Ginger Torch Ginger

Nearby Spottings

Eucalyptus leucoxylon Spotting Purple-throated Carib Tussock moth caterpillar

Reference

Noah Guardians
Noah Sponsors
join Project Noah Team

Join the Project Noah Team