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Fly Agaric

Amanita muscaria

Description:

A large conspicuous mushroom, Amanita muscaria is generally common and numerous where it grows, and is often found in groups with basidiocarps in all stages of development. Fly agaric fruiting bodies emerge from the soil looking like a white egg, covered in the white warty material of the universal veil. Dissecting the mushroom at this stage will reveal a characteristic yellowish layer of skin under the veil which assists in identification. As the fungus grows, the red color appears through the broken veil and the warts become less prominent; they do not change in size but are reduced relative to the expanding skin area. The cap changes from globose to hemispherical, and finally to plate-like and flat in mature specimens. Fully grown, the bright red cap is usually around 8–20 cm (3–8 in) in diameter, although larger specimens have been found. The red color may fade after rain and in older mushrooms. After emerging from the ground, the cap is covered with numerous small white to yellow pyramid-shaped warts. These are remnants of the universal veil, a membrane that encloses the entire mushroom when it is still very young. The free gills are white, as is the spore print. The oval spores measure 9–13 by 6.5–9 μm, and are non-amyloid, that is, they do not turn blue with the application of iodine. The stipe is white, 5–20 cm high (2–8 in) by 1–2 cm (0.4–0.8 in) wide, and has the slightly brittle, fibrous texture typical of many large mushrooms. At the base is a bulb that bears universal veil remnants in the form of two to four distinct rings or ruffs. Between the basal universal veil remnants and gills are remnants of the partial veil (which covers the gills during development) in the form of a white ring. It can be quite wide and flaccid with age. There is generally no associated smell other than a mild earthiness.[

Habitat:

in this case, a very urban and disturbed site, in the landscaping mulch next to a Gas Station Car Wash. Shell Gas Station, Southeast corner of Dunbar St, and 41st Ave, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Notes:

Annual growth at the same location

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12 Comments

birdlady6000
birdlady6000 9 years ago

I'll be going to check this location in November! Aren't they amazing?

MarcelPepin
MarcelPepin 10 years ago

Thank you Pouihi

MarcelPepin
MarcelPepin 10 years ago

Thanks Ivan

MarcelPepin
MarcelPepin 10 years ago

thank you Gina

Ivan Rodriguez
Ivan Rodriguez 10 years ago

Learned a lot from your description, thanks! Keep up the great work. :)

Gina9210
Gina9210 10 years ago

Wow beautiful!

MarcelPepin
MarcelPepin 10 years ago

Thank you isscarr : )

MarcelPepin
MarcelPepin 10 years ago

Thank you Nicole : )

MarcelPepin
MarcelPepin 10 years ago

Thanks Karen, I added to the "Red" Missions : )

isscarr
isscarr 10 years ago

Really beautiful!

NicholeSauve
NicholeSauve 10 years ago

Really Awesome! B-E-A-Utiful picture! = )

KarenL
KarenL 10 years ago

You can also add this to the Color Red mission!

MarcelPepin
Spotted by
MarcelPepin

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Spotted on Nov 22, 2011
Submitted on Dec 16, 2011

Reference

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