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Madroño (Strawberry tree)

Arbutus unedo

Description:

I think it is a specie of gener arbutus, could you help me?

Habitat:

Mediterranean shrubland

Notes:

The fruit mainly serve as food for birds but in some countries they are used to make jam and liqueurs (such as the Portuguese medronho, a kind of strong brandy). Son muchos los usos del madroño, pero quizás el uso comestible de sus frutos sea el más conocido: aunque de poco sabor, no les falta algo de dulzor. Se hacen con ellos mermeladas y confituras de madroño. Los frutos también pueden aprovecharse para obtener bebidas alcohólicas por fermentación. De ellos se extrae el famoso «licor de madroño» alicantino. Arbutus unedo se traduciría del latín como "arbusto del que sólo se come un fruto", debido al contenido alcohólico de sus bayas, que por su larga permanencia y maduración en el árbol, pueden sufrir fermentaciones. Los frutos se usan en la fabricación de conservas, mermeladas y confituras. En algunas zonas del mediterráneo (como Argelia y Córcega), los frutos fermentados se usan para preparar un vino que, destilado, permite obtener un brandy. Excelente planta melífera, en tiempos, en España se obtenía azúcar de esta planta. En Libia se usan las raíces para teñir de rojo las pieles. Uso farmacológico Principios activos: arbusterina, tanino, ácido gálico, gaulterina. Los frutos contienen una media de un 20% de azúcares. Las semillas tienen elevadas concentraciones de aceite graso. La corteza se ha utilizado en medicina natural como diurético, es astringente, antiséptico urinario y renal.

6 Comments

MarcoAntonio
MarcoAntonio 10 years ago

Thank you for your suggestions @Emma, @AntóniaGinjaGinja

Hema  Shah
Hema Shah 10 years ago

Marco,I live about 45 miles away from where yo are. We do have lots of Strawberry trees in San Francisco.

AntónioGinjaGinja
AntónioGinjaGinja 10 years ago

it's the same look what wikipedia say
"Arbutus unedo is naturally adapted to dry summers, though also growing well in the cool, wet summers of western Ireland. It is therefore useful for planting in areas with a dry-summer climate, and has become a very popular garden specimen in California and the rest of the west coast of North America. It is hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 8 to 10. Pests include Scales and Thrips, and diseases include anthracnose, Phytophthora, root rot, and rust.

The fruit mainly serve as food for birds but in some countries they are used to make jam and liqueurs (such as the Portuguese medronho, a kind of strong brandy)."

MarcoAntonio
MarcoAntonio 10 years ago

I think is Arbutus unedo but I take this photo in San Francisco, I don´t know if is the same specie??

AntónioGinjaGinja
AntónioGinjaGinja 10 years ago

by the way, welcome to project noah,you can assign the spottings to several missions take a look in the mission link in the home page,you have also the chat links there you can make all your questions,enjoy the views:)

AntónioGinjaGinja
AntónioGinjaGinja 10 years ago

we have many in portugal,they make a very strong and delicious licor from the fruit

MarcoAntonio
Spotted by
MarcoAntonio

San Francisco, California, USA

Spotted on Dec 18, 2011
Submitted on Dec 18, 2011

Spotted for Mission

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