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comatricha nigra (ripe)

comatricha nigra

Description:

SPOROCARPS scattered or in small groups, up to 9 mm tall, though smaller and always ± spherical in moist-chambers. STALK usually at least 66% of the total height, black, consisting of netted fibres at least at the base. COLLUMELLA reaching at least half way up the sporotheca but usually almost reaching the apex, where it merges into the capillitium. [this spotting is the same species than this imature specimen ---> ( http://www.projectnoah.org/spottings/851... ).]

Habitat:

Kingdom Protozoa ++Phylum Myxomycota +++Class Myxomycetes ++++Order Stemonitales +++++Family Stemonitidaceae ++++++Genus Comatricha +++++++Comatricha nigra (Pers.) Schroot ----Synonyms: Comatricha friesiana , Comatricha friesiana excelsa , Comatricha friesiana leptonema , Comatricha friesiana oblonga , Comatricha friesiana obovata , Comatricha friesiana pachynema , Comatricha obtusata , Comatricha persoonii gracilis , Stemonitis atrofusca , Stemonitis atrofusca nigra , Stemonitis friesiana , Stemonitis nigra , Stemonitis oblonga , Stemonitis obtusata , Stemonitis ovata , Stemonitis ovata atrofusca , Trichia mucoriformis , ---Citation: Nakazawa, R. : Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 19 ( 100 ) : 24 (16-30), 1929. ( http://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20q?searc... )---> discoverlife ----Habitat: on dead wood +++( http://myxomycet.com.ua/eng/taxa/comatri... )( http://slimemold.uark.edu/fungi/default.... )

Notes:

Slime mold or mould is a broad term describing protists that use spores to reproduce. Slime molds were formerly classified as fungi, but are no longer considered part of this kingdom. Their common name refers to part of some of these organisms' life cycles where they can appear as gelatinous "slime". This is mostly seen with the myxomycetes, which are the only macroscopic slime molds. Slime molds have been found all over the world and feed on microorganisms that live in any type of dead plant material. For this reason, these organisms are usually found in soil, lawns, and on the forest floor, commonly on deciduous logs. However, in tropical areas they are also common on inflorescences, fruits and in aerial situations (e.g., in the canopy of trees) and also grow in air conditioners, especially when the drain is blocked. In urban areas, they are found on mulch or even in the leaf mold in gutters. One of the most commonly encountered slime molds is the yellow Physarum polycephalum, found both in nature in forests in temperate zones, as well as in classrooms and laboratories. Most slime molds are smaller than a few centimeters, but some species may reach sizes of up to several square meters and masses of up to 30 grams. Many have striking colours such as yellow, brown and white ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slime_mold )

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1 Comment

AlexKonig
AlexKonig 8 years ago

added to: Myxomycetes (Slime Moulds) of the World - mission

AlexKonig
Spotted by
AlexKonig

Horst aan de Maas, Limburg, Netherlands

Spotted on Jan 24, 2012
Submitted on Jan 24, 2012

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