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Southern beeches are native to the Southern Hemisphere, and are found in southern South America (Chile, Argentina) and Australasia (east and southeast Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, New Guinea and New Caledonia). While previously part of the family Fagaceae, they now have a family of their own, the Nothofagaceae.
These trees were found near the Onelli Glacier, on Lago Argentino in Los Glaciares National Park, Patagonia, Argentina. The Onelli Bay is surrounded by moss and lichen-covered primeval forest.
Its distribution around the southern Pacific Rim suggests that the dissemination of the genus Nothofagus dates to the time when Antarctica, Australia and South America were connected as a supercontinent called Gondwana