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Brownea macrophylla


"Brownea is a genus of about 30 species in the family Fabaceae, subfamily Caesalpinioideae. The genus is native to tropical regions of the Americas. The species are shrubs and trees growing to 20 m tall."


Flower clusters, found on tree trunks rather than branches and are possibly pollinated by bats. Found at the Tiputini Biology Station in the Ecuadorian Amazon.

2 Species ID Suggestions

Panama Flame Tree
Brownea macrophylla Brownea macrobhylla
Brownea sp (possibly B.macrophylla) MBG: Research: Latin American Plant Gallery

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Maria dB
Maria dB 9 years ago

Congratulations, Kate!

Gerardo Aizpuru
Gerardo Aizpuru 9 years ago

Congratulation Wonderful spotting

AmazonWorkshops 9 years ago

Nice shot - hard to capture those rich colors in the dim understory of the rainforest!

KarenL 9 years ago

Fabulous spotting! Well done Kate!

LarsKorb 9 years ago


kate.tillotson 9 years ago

Wow! Thanks!

Sachin Zaveri
Sachin Zaveri 9 years ago

Congratulations kate

achmmad 9 years ago


Atul 9 years ago


Wild Things
Wild Things 9 years ago


Yasser 9 years ago

Congratulations Kate! This beautiful Brownea was selected as Spotting of the Day! Special thanks to Craig for introducing me to the concept of cauliflory.

"This stunning Brownea, native to the tropical regions of the Americas, is exhibiting cauliflory, or the habit of flowering directly on trunks and stems."


kate.tillotson 9 years ago

@Craig and Bayucca: I didn't actually see bats visiting the flowers, I thought I remembered our guide saying that they were bat-pollinated. I could be wrong, it's been a few years!
@Ashish: Unfortunately I don't have any pictures of the rest of the tree or branches.

Harsha Singh
Harsha Singh 9 years ago


Nicholas4 9 years ago

amazing orange! like a sunrise!!

Ashish Nimkar
Ashish Nimkar 9 years ago

Wonderful flowers...
Like to see entire plant.. upload picture of branch...or entire plant..

bayucca 9 years ago

@Craig: Just reading your comment, you were also a little bit confused about the pollination method. Do you have additional information?

bayucca 9 years ago

Looking at the blossom I am just wondering which animal would pollinate this beauty. I guess that in this case it is more the large size of the flower itself will attrack the bats and not the "usual" colors of white flowers, whereas in the case of diurnal hummingbirds the flowers have mostly a reddish or yellowish colors. Very interesting spotting and a fantastic flower!! And it would also rise again the controverse question about the ability of bats noticing colors. I do not know the actual state of knowledge, but I remember that bats are actually not color-blind. Maybe somebody knows more about...

craigwilliams 9 years ago

Brownea are stunning aren't they?! This is a great example of cauliflory, or the habit of flowering directly on trunks and stems. Did you actually see bats visiting these flowers? The colour and copious nectar they produce I would have thought suggests that they would be hummingbird pollinated.

KatCuff 9 years ago


Spotted by

Provincia de Orellana, Ecuador

Spotted on May 2, 2009
Submitted on Feb 14, 2012


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