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It is a small to medium-size tree, 15 – 25 m tall, with a trunk diameter of up to 60 centimetres, exceptionally up to 1 m. The bark is orange-red, thick and deeply fissured at the base of the trunk, and thin and flaky in the upper crown. The leaves ("needles") are very slender, 6 – 12 cm long, distinctly yellowish-green or blue-green and produced in pairs (rarely a few in threes).
It is found at low altitudes, mostly from sea level to 200 m, but can grow at an altitude of up to 1700 m like those in the south: in Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia.
The resin of the Aleppo Pine is used to flavor the Greek wine retsina.