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Mirror bee orchid

Ophrys speculum

Description:

Ophrys speculum is land Orchid that has underground tuber, globular, which leaves little flower stem erect simple unbranched about 30 cm. The flowers have a large lip. The three-lobed lip is dark brown, velvety central lobe, triangular, elongated and curved. The lip reddish brown about 13 to 18 mm in length has three lobes with the two triangular sides are turned slightly forward with abundant fine, silky hairs mimicking insect wing cases. The intermediate lobe is glabrous and larger than the side where the speculum is colored blue steel, I-shaped, with yellow trim enclosing the central mirror hairy area.

Habitat:

This species of terrestrial habits is distributed throughout the Mediterranean (Spain, southern France and Corsica) generally throughout Europe. In grasslands, scrublands, shrubs and forests.

Notes:

fertilization by Campsoscolia ciliata, the males confuse the flowers with a female

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15 Comments

PatriciaPi
PatriciaPi 8 years ago

@RaquelAntunes thank's!

RaquelAntunes
RaquelAntunes 8 years ago

Beautiful!

PatriciaPi
PatriciaPi 8 years ago

maybe ...
try to move out there at other times, earlier and later, to see what happens

craigwilliams
craigwilliams 8 years ago

Perhaps they have a certain time of day when they're more likely to be on the wing?

PatriciaPi
PatriciaPi 8 years ago

@craigwilliams
today I been in the same place, there is a large population but I didn't seen Campsoscolia ciliata, it is incredible that in a population so great in 5 hours did not see any pollinator....

PatriciaPi
PatriciaPi 8 years ago

la verdad que si que son preciosas, ahora hay muchas en flor, estoy haciendo un tour por Calpe y alrededores a ver que encuentro, jeje, por que me encantan ver las silvestres!
por cierto, me dirias en benidorm donde las viste? si no es mucha molestia, me gustaria fotografiarlas, gracias!

The MnMs
The MnMs 8 years ago

Estas las vi en Benidorm tambien hace unos cuantos años. Son preciosas y silvestres!

PatriciaPi
PatriciaPi 8 years ago

I've also never seen the wasp, the next weekend I'ill return, I will look better
You are right it is very rare that low pollination rate ..... maybe these wasps aren't abundant, or perhaps are disappearing. a big problem!

Mark Ridgway
Mark Ridgway 8 years ago

Spectacular.

craigwilliams
craigwilliams 8 years ago

By the way. I had a cuddly toy version of these two 'lovers' :)

craigwilliams
craigwilliams 8 years ago

Have you ever seen Campsoscolia ciliata pollinating it ? I saw loads of these in Andalucia last April but didn't even see the wasp once - not even away from the Ophrys. I tried to find some info. about the wasps behaviour/life cycle/pattern of emergence etc. but failed to come up with much. The first population of O.speculum we found had finished flowering so I counted the amount of seed pods developing. % pollination was less than 1%! of the total flowers, which surprised me for such a common species. I guess with tens of thousands of seeds per pod, that rate of pollination is enough.

PatriciaPi
PatriciaPi 8 years ago

yesss! mine too!
yesterday I found lot's of this species, and they were so small! like 3-5 cm height

love it!

craigwilliams
craigwilliams 8 years ago

My favourite Ophrys :)

PatriciaPi
PatriciaPi 8 years ago

done!

harsuame
harsuame 8 years ago


Hermosa orquidea por favor agregala ala mission Orchids of the World Gracias
http://www.projectnoah.org/missions/9525...

PatriciaPi
Spotted by
PatriciaPi

Calpe/Calp, Comunidad Valenciana, Spain

Spotted on Mar 16, 2012
Submitted on Mar 16, 2012

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