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Ciervo volante / Stag beetle

Chiasognathus grantii

Description:

Chiasognathus granti, también llamado Escarabajo de Darwin, es un coleóptero que habita en los bosques en el extremo sur de Sudamérica, en Argentina y Chile. El macho posee una de las mandíbulas más grandes en relación a su tamaño entre los insectos, y las utiliza únicamente durante la época de apareamiento.
Durante la época de reproducción, el macho busca a la hembra que se encuentra en lo alto de inmensos árboles, y debe trepar por el tronco hasta llegar a ella. Durante el recorrido suelen encontrarse machos que suben con el mismo propósito y luchan por el derecho a aparearse, es para ésto que el escarabajo de Darwin ha desarrollado unas mandíbulas tan grandes, con ellas sostiene a su adversario y lo bota del árbol. Cuando llega hasta donde está la hembra esta no está dispuesta a aparearse de inmediato, y forcejea al macho para impedírselo. Nuevamente la solución está en sus mandíbulas, con las que sostiene a la hembra mientras copula con ella.

Is a species of stag beetle found in Argentina and Chile. It is known as Darwin's beetle, Grant's stag beetle, or the Chilean stag beetle.
Chiasognathus grantii is one of the seven species belonging to the genus Chiasognathus. It belongs to the subfamily Lucaninae, the largest subfamily in the stag beetle family Lucanidae. C. grantii is also known locally as ciervo volante, cantábria, and cacho de cabra in Spanish and llico-llico in the Mapuche language.
Chiasognathus grantii is very variable in size and in the development of the jaws and exhibits a strong sexual dimorphism. Males can reach a length of 60–90 millimetres (2.4–3.5 in) including the mandibles, while females are much smaller, having a body length of 25–37 millimetres (0.98–1.5 in). The upper mandibles of the males are very robust at the base, finely serrated and longer than the body itself. The eyes are small and the antennae have a whorl of hairs at the apex. The thorax is broad and the anterior and posterior margines are densely ciliated with short pale hairs. Elytrae are chestnut-brown, with slightly greenish iridescent tinges and finely granulated.
C. grantii is considered a rare and vulnerable species, with a high probability of extinction, mainly as a consequence of the global climate change. The adults of these beetles primarily feed on tree juices, while the larvae eat deadwood. The male's over-sized jaws are crucial in its objective to secure a mate. It climbs trees, often climbing many meters, searching for a female. As it climbs and searches for females, it also seeks out other males in the vicinity. When two males meet, they fight. Males use their jaws in combat: they hook them under the opposite beetle's wings, pull up and throw their opponent to the ground (from 20 meters above, as they are in great trees most of the time).
Charles Darwin collected the species in Chile during the second voyage of HMS Beagle, and, despite the enlarged mandibles of the males, he noted that the jaws were “not so strong as to produce pain to finger”.

Notes:

Found swimming up-side down in Lago Ranco lake. Carried it to the shore and released it in the woods next to the shore, where they are known to be common.


No species ID suggestions

3 Comments

CatalanCristian
CatalanCristian 5 years ago

yo encontré uno en cucao chiloe a las orillas del lago le saque muchas fotos ya que me impresiono su belleza

Thanks Jeannette!
Hadn't seen on of these since childhood. My kids loved it.

Jeannette
Jeannette 6 years ago

Cool spotting :)

Lago Ranco, XIV Región de Los Ríos, Chile

Lat: -40.29, Long: -72.54

Spotted on Feb 11, 2012
Submitted on Sep 4, 2012

Spotted for missions

Related spottings

Ciervo volante menor / Lesser stag beetle Canturia o Ciervo Volante

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