This species is found throughout SubSaharan Africa. It is a good example of the Charaxes genus, an Old World tropical group known as Rajah and Pasha butterflies, or Emperors in Africa and Australia. The most striking features in the habits of Charaxes are their rapid flight, the partiality to putrid matter, and the constancy with which a specimen returns to the same spot. Few species are found in open country, where there are only bushes and rarely trees; most species inhabit more wooded country, and some are found only in and near larger forests. The males come often in some numbers to water pools on roads; both sexes are fond of the juice of trees, of decaying fruits, dung of animals or putrid meat. (Info from Wikipedia)
The cap of Amanita muscaria ranges from 10 to 20 cm diameter at maturity and is red or occasionally orange. Caps usually flatten or even become slightly concave when fully developed, but occasionally the fly agaric remains broadly convex. Caps of the fly agaric usually retain irregular, white fragments of the universal veil, but in wet weather they can wash off even while the caps are young and domed. In all but the driest of weather, Amanita muscaria caps flatten at maturity. When damaged, the flesh just below the pellicle of a fly agaric is initially white but soon turns yellow on exposure to air. Amanita muscaria has white, free, crowded gills that turn pale yellow as the fruitbody matures. Stems are 10 to 25 cm long and 1.5 to 2cm in diameter. White and ragged with a grooved, hanging white ring. The swollen stem base retains the white remains of the sack-like volva, which eventually fragments into rings of scales around the base of mature specimens.
For the developers at New York start-up Networked Organisms, smartphones are the butterfly nets of the 21st Century. Their tool, Project Noah, lets people upload photos of plants and wildlife around them, creating a map of the natural world and contributing to scientific research in the process.
Bespectacled scientists of yore would carry around hefty field guides, made up of hundreds of pages of text and photos. But these days, smartphone owners have a lighter option: an app called Project Noah, which aims to help people identify plants and animals as well as collect data from "citizen scientists" about where certain species are located.
Project Noah enables us to be part of a more focused online community where we can learn more about wildlife around us and contribute to scientific research. It pulls participants into deeper, more meaningful engagement by enabling people to go on “missions” to collectively map changes based on sightings.
A modern invention that may also hold the key to saving species in the future. Project Noah is a global study that encourages nature lovers to document the wildlife they encounter, using a purpose built phone app and web community. In addition to the virtual "collection" of species, Project Noah encourages citizen science by linking up with existing surveys including the International Spider Survey and the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network.