"After California moray eels spawn, the eggs hatch into larvae may drift in the currents for up to 12 months before settling to the bottom and taking the adult form. Juveniles live in tidal pools and adults live in deeper water. Moray eels live for about 30 years. It is thought that the California morays off southern California do not reproduce—possibly because the water is too cold. Eels living here hatch off Baja California and drift north as larvae. Fishes that live in open environments can quickly open their mouths wide when prey approaches, creating a negative pressure that helps suck the prey in. This doesn't work for moray eels. They live in small spaces where they can't open their mouths wide enough to create negative pressure. Instead, they have an extra set of jaws in their throat. When the front jaws bites into prey, the back jaws spring forward and drag the prey into the eel's throat. Eels have sharp teeth covered with bacteria. A bite can be painful or might become infected. Even though eels don't bite unless disturbed or frightened, it's best not put ones hands in crevices in eel territory."
For the developers at New York start-up Networked Organisms, smartphones are the butterfly nets of the 21st Century. Their tool, Project Noah, lets people upload photos of plants and wildlife around them, creating a map of the natural world and contributing to scientific research in the process.
Bespectacled scientists of yore would carry around hefty field guides, made up of hundreds of pages of text and photos. But these days, smartphone owners have a lighter option: an app called Project Noah, which aims to help people identify plants and animals as well as collect data from "citizen scientists" about where certain species are located.
Project Noah enables us to be part of a more focused online community where we can learn more about wildlife around us and contribute to scientific research. It pulls participants into deeper, more meaningful engagement by enabling people to go on “missions” to collectively map changes based on sightings.
A modern invention that may also hold the key to saving species in the future. Project Noah is a global study that encourages nature lovers to document the wildlife they encounter, using a purpose built phone app and web community. In addition to the virtual "collection" of species, Project Noah encourages citizen science by linking up with existing surveys including the International Spider Survey and the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network.