Medium sized buffy brown owl with large prominent ear tufts; buff nuchal-collar edged with dark brown, finely streaked underparts, ans buffish scapular spots; dark orange or brown eyes; very variable in colouration, can be pale grey-brown or warm rufous-brown; legs feathered to base of toes. Photo taken at Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan, India
Very spectacular butterfly (6cm wingspan) with large blue ocella surrounded by yellow and black that looks like an eye at each one of its wings. The rest of the anverse wing side is intense red, with black spots on the anterior edge of the front wings and a gray border in the four wings. The underside of the wings is almost black, crossed by faint clearer lines. The reason for these colors and contrasts has been explained by specialists as a multiple method of defense. First, when it rests showing wings folded vertically, it tries to go unnoticed, merging with the surroundings (logs, for example). If this strategy fails, it does not hesitate to launch the second method of defense, when, before the attack an eventual attack of a predator, it opens the wings showing their large ocelli generating a state of confusion in the latter for a few small moments , while the Inachis which take advantage to escape. Even so, if all of the previous strategy had failed, and the insect is finally attacked by a bird, for example, the ocelli are the object of such attack and not the body, limiting the damages. Therefore the defense strategy consists of three stages: mimetism-surprise-flight. It is common in Europe in all types of habitats: grasslands, clear forests, even in parks and gardens in cities. It flies between June and September, in general below 2000 metres of altitude. The caterpillars are black, finely dotted white and black spiked. They are great eaters of nettles (Urtica dioica), incorporating formic acid to the circulatory system, which provides a magnificent method of defense, since it gives them bad taste.
For the developers at New York start-up Networked Organisms, smartphones are the butterfly nets of the 21st Century. Their tool, Project Noah, lets people upload photos of plants and wildlife around them, creating a map of the natural world and contributing to scientific research in the process.
Bespectacled scientists of yore would carry around hefty field guides, made up of hundreds of pages of text and photos. But these days, smartphone owners have a lighter option: an app called Project Noah, which aims to help people identify plants and animals as well as collect data from "citizen scientists" about where certain species are located.
Project Noah enables us to be part of a more focused online community where we can learn more about wildlife around us and contribute to scientific research. It pulls participants into deeper, more meaningful engagement by enabling people to go on “missions” to collectively map changes based on sightings.
A modern invention that may also hold the key to saving species in the future. Project Noah is a global study that encourages nature lovers to document the wildlife they encounter, using a purpose built phone app and web community. In addition to the virtual "collection" of species, Project Noah encourages citizen science by linking up with existing surveys including the International Spider Survey and the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network.