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It is the world's third-most expensive spice. It is often referred as the “queen of spices” because of its pleasant aroma and taste. Other genera Amomum (commonly known as black cardamom, brown cardamom etc.
Cardamom is an evergreen, perennial ginger-like plant, with thick rhizomes and erect stems, bearing pointed leaves. White flowers with a pink to violet striped lip are born in a loose spike in summers, followed by pale green to beige, 3-celled capsules or pods, containing 15-20 aromatic seeds. The small, brown-black sticky seeds. Green Cardamom grows mostly in the tropics, wild and in plantation. Cardamoms are grown in partially cleared tropical rain forests. The plant requires humid and moderately cool climate, humus rich soil and well distributed rainfall.
Guatemala, where the German coffee planter Oscar Majus Kloeffer introduced Indian cardamom before World War I, has become the biggest producer and exporter of cardamom in the world, followed by India.