Nymphalidae; Satyrinae; Ypthima stellera stellera Eschscholtz, 1821. When I first became interested in butterflies and took some pictures of the Common Five-ring (and also the Common Three-ring), I did not understand the how the the common names had come about. I tried various ways of counting some rings and not others and just became hopelessly confused, but like everyone else, I eventually came across the information on one or two different websites. If there is anyone who doesn't know which rings are counted, please look at https://www.projectnoah.org/spottings/84....
Nymphalidae; Satyrinae; Mycalesis perseus caesonia Wallengren, 1860. (Wet Season Form). I can't tell if this a male or a female because I did not manage to get an "open wing" photo. The male and female (at least, in M. perseus, according to Wikipedia) differ only in the size of the eyespots on the upper wing surfaces. I am not sure if the same applies to the subspecies.
Nymphalidae; Nymphalinae; Nymphaliini; Junonia almana almana Linnaeus, 1758. Philippine Lepidoptera shows Junonia almana almana and does not mention Junonia almana. So, I assume that only the subspecies is present here in Philippines.
Hymenoptera; Apidae; Apis cerana Fabricius, 1793. I had a previous spotting of this species - https://www.projectnoah.org/spottings/37... but the bees shown there were building a hive and they all looked very clean and tidy. As you can see, when these bees are out collecting nectar, the head, the thorax and the underside of the abdomen get a good dusting of pollen which makes them look rather scrappy. However, in view of the importance of pollination, I prefer the "scrappy" look.