Guardian Nature School Team Contact Blog Project Noah Facebook Project Noah Twitter

A worldwide community photographing and learning about wildlife

Join Project Noah!
nature school apple icon

Project Noah Nature School visit nature school


Manta birostris


Batoidea is a superorder of cartilaginous fish commonly known as rays and skates, containing more than 500 described species in thirteen families. They are closely related to sharks, from which they can be distinguished by their flattened bodies, enlarged pectoral fins that are fused to the head, and gill slits that are placed on their ventral surfaces.


Most species live on the sea floor, in a variety of geographical regions - many in coastal waters, few live in deep waters to at least 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), most batoids have a somewhat cosmopolitan distribution, in tropical and subtropical marine environments, temperate or cold-water species. Only a few species, like manta rays, live in the open sea, and only a few live in freshwater. Some batoids can live in brackish bays and estuaries. Bottom-dwelling batoids breathe by taking water in through the spiracles, rather than through the mouth as most fishes do, and passing it outward through the gills.


Photo São Paulo Aquariums

Species ID Suggestions

Sign in to suggest organism ID

No Comments

Spotted by

Itapuí, São Paulo, Brazil

Spotted on Jun 10, 2012
Submitted on Jul 3, 2012

Related Spottings

Manta Ray Manta Ray Manta Raya Manta Ray

Nearby Spottings

Rose Capivara Frog Spotting


Noah Guardians
Noah Sponsors
join Project Noah Team

Join the Project Noah Team