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This endemic coastal plant grows only in Israel. It is the first oncocyclus iris to bloom (February). It is rare and endangered, threatened by loss of its habitat as well as by invasive species (look at the picture where you can see the invasive Oxalis pes-caparae). The dark purple flowers do not secrete nectar, but attract male solitary bees that stay there in the night.
red sandy loam, Mediterranean shrubland,
protected by law in Israel