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Friar's Cowl: Candil, Frailecillo

Arisarum simorrhinum


The leaves are basal only, wide, ovate to arrow-shaped, with a petiole 12–15 centimetres long. The stems are erect and unbranched and grow directly from the underground rhizome. A single leaflike bract (spathe) forms a purplish-brown or olive green striped tube about 5 inches long, with an open upper part helmet or hood-shaped curved forward. It encloses a fleshy purple spike (spadix) swollen into a club terminally; bent forward, slightly protruding from the tube and bearing at the bottom minute purple violet flowers. The 20 male flowers are located above the four to six female, with sterile flowers completely missing. The flowering period extends from October through May. The sexes are united in the same individual plant. Pollination is granted by insects (entomophily). The fruits are greenish berries of about 1 centimetre long.


Rocky area in mediterranean forest. Between rocks. Parque Nacional de Monfragüe


Camera Model: NIKON D300. Exposure Time: 1/60 sec.; f/11; ISO Speed Rating: 800. Exposure Bias: 0 EV. Focal Length: 300.0 mm. No flash

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Spotted by

Torrejón el Rubio, Extremadura, Spain

Spotted on Nov 1, 2014
Submitted on Mar 2, 2015

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