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European Starling

Sturnus vulgaris


It is among the most familiar of birds in temperate regions. The plumage is shiny black, glossed purple or green, and spangled with white, particularly strongly so in winter. Adult male European Starlings are less spotted below than adult females. The throat feathers are long and loose, and used as a signal in display. Juveniles are grey-brown, and by their first winter resemble adults though often retain some brown juvenile feathering especially on the head in the early part of the winter. The legs are stout, pinkish-red. The bill is narrow conical with a sharp tip; in summer, it is yellow in females, and yellow with a blue-grey base in males, while in winter, and in juveniles, it is black in both sexes. Moulting occurs once a year, in late summer after the breeding season is finished; the fresh feathers are prominently tipped white (breast feathers) or buff (wing and back feathers). The reduction in the spotting in the breeding season is achieved by the white feather tips largely wearing off. Starlings walk rather than hop. Their flight is quite strong and direct; they look triangular-winged and short-tailed in flight


urban or suburban areas where artificial structures and trees provide adequate nesting and roosting sites. They also commonly reside in grassy areas where foraging is easy—such as farmland, grazing pastures, playing fields, golf courses, and airfields.They occasionally inhabit open forests and woodlands


@ BC Ferry Station .. Horseshoe Bay . This starling is native to most of Eurasia, but in most of the Iberian Peninsula and north Africa only as winter guest. It has additionally been introduced to South Africa, North America, Australia and New Zealand.

1 Species ID Suggestions

Liam 11 years ago
European Starling
Sturnus vulgaris BirdForum

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tibiprada 11 years ago

Thanks, nexttogone. you are right ....Nature's hard work :-)

nexttogone 11 years ago

Nice series! It's not that easy to get those different color tones picked up on these darker birds.

tibiprada 11 years ago

Thank you , Liam...right on !

Spotted by

West Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Spotted on Aug 18, 2012
Submitted on Aug 27, 2012

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