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Actinocephalus is a genus of plants in the Eriocaulaceae, first described in 2004. The entire genus is endemic to Brazil.
Brazilian campo rupestre, Serra do Cipó National Park, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Campos rupestres, species-rich tropical grasslands, are harsh ecosystems established on quartzite-derived soils occurring in altitude between 800m and 2,000m, and covering around 130,000km2 in Brazil. The campos rupestres are constituted of a very heterogeneous mosaic of stony and sandy grasslands, bogs situated along streams, and scattered rocky outcrops that harbour sclerophyllous evergreen shrubs and sub-shrubs