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Also known as Smashing Mantis Shrimp, Odontodactylid Reef Mantis Shrimp, Green Mantis Shrimp, Clown Mantis Shrimp, Mantis Clown, Rainbow Mantis Shrimp, Harlequin Mantis Shrimp and Painted Mantis Shrimp. Males brighter than females, juveniles yellow. They feed on fish and invertebrates. Despite its name, mantis shrimp do not belong to the shrimp family. While this crustacean may appear shy, it is in fact quite dangerous when provoked. Its front appendages are extremely fast and tough, and are used for breaking mollusk and crab shells. Divers have reported cracked polycarbonate camera housings caused by mantis shrimp defensive attacks.
Found close to reefs in sand and rubble areas with several burrows to hide in. Widespread in the Indo-Pacific region.
Mantis shrimp are commonly seen peeking out of their holes in sandy or rubble areas. I spotted this one near the shore at a depth of less than 10m.