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True Lover's Knot

Paris quadrifolia


Small herbaceous plant with characteristic four leaves with parallel nerves - and, unusual for monocots, a visible network of secondary nerves in between the main ones. Discreet and solitary mainly yellow-green flower, narrow greenish threadlike petals, green petaloid sepals, eight stamens, and a round purple to red ovary in the center.


Eurasian species, found in forests growing in shadow, and found up to 2000m of altitude. Here, observed in Natural Reserve of Jura mountain range, at 900m approx; in a mixed forest, and on a shoulders of forest road on slopes.


All parts of this plant are toxic, containing two mucose-irritaing substances, paridine et parastyphnine (whatever that may be...). The fruit is a solitary berry, dark blue in color and somewhat blueberry like.

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Zlatan Celebic
Spotted by
Zlatan Celebic

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Tromelin Island

Spotted on May 1, 2018
Submitted on May 3, 2018

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