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Murta

Ugni molinae

Description:

The myrtle or myrtle (Ugni Turcz molinae.) Is a shrub of the family Myrtaceae, native to central and southern Chile and adjacent areas in Argentina, is cultivated for its fruit, pleasant flavor and aroma, used in gastronomy. The Ugni is a shrub from 30 cm to 170 cm tall with evergreen foliage. In some exceptional cases the shrub can grow up to 3 m in height. The leaves are opposite, oval, 1–2 cm long and 1-1.5 cm broad, entire, glossy dark green, with a spicy scent if crushed. The flowers are drooping, 1 cm diameter with four or five white or pale pink petals and numerous short stamens; the fruit is a small red, white or purple berry 1 cm diameter. In its natural habitat; the Valdivian temperate rain forests the fruit matures in autumn from March to May. It was first described by Juan Ignacio Molina (hence its name) in 1782. It was introduced to England in 1844 by the botanist and plant collector William Lobb, where it became a favorite fruit of Queen Victoria. It is also grown as an ornamental plant. The fruit is cultivated to a small extent. The usage of the fruit in cuisine is limited to southern Chile where it grows. It is used to make the traditional liqueur Murtado that is made of aguardiente and sugar flavoured by conserving murtas inside the bottle. It is also used to make jam and the Murta con membrillo dessert and in Kuchens.

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1 Comment

OnengDyah
OnengDyah 9 years ago

It is good to eat..?

Chile

Spotted on Apr 22, 2012
Submitted on Apr 22, 2012

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