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Smallish bird at 11.5cm (4.5"). Male is a dark violet/purple with bright yellow underparts, throat and small yellow crown. The bill is short and thick. Differs from very similar Thick-billed Euphonia by having a less yellow on the crown and slightly finer bill. Females are a drab olive for the most part.
This male found at Iguassu National Park on the Argentine side of the falls. Found in forest close to the river.
Although once thought to be more associated to Tanagers, Euphonias are now believed to be more closely related to siskins. Ref: Wildlfe Conservation Society of Brazil.